PRAKTIČNI SAVETI ZA UČENJE PISANJA


Vi jedino želite da Vaše dete bude najbolje. Ali šta je najbolje, kada je u pitanju negovanje pisanja? Gde je granica između podsticanja i pritiska? Kako možete pomoći detetu da se opusti? Evo nekoliko saveta i informacija kako roditelji i učitelji mogu da pomognu i šta treba izbegavati.

 

NAPRAVITE PRAVO OKRUŽENJE

Obratite pažnju na idealnu visinu stola i stolice i prilagođavajte ih kako dete raste!

richtige Körperhaltung beim SchreibenIspravan položaj sedenja je takođe važan. Vežbajte uspravno sedenje pravih leđa sa svojom decom: idealno je da dete sedi iza stola sa uspravnim leđima i opuštenim ramenima. Visina stola i stolice treba biti prilagođena tako da stopala budu potpuno ravna na podu. Ruke treba da stoje opušteno na stolu pod uglom od 90°. Laktovi ne bi trebalo da su podignuti i ruke ne bi trebalo da vrše pritisak na podlogu.

 

Ispravno pozicioniranje papira je takođe važno kod opuštenog pisanja:papir ne sme stajati potpuno pravo! Umesto toga, desnoruka osoba treba rotirati papir oko 30 stepeni u suprotnom pravcu (nalevo), a za levoruku osobu je lakše da piše kada je papir rotiran oko 45 stepeni udesno.

 

Čak i pre nego što nauče da pišu,  neophodne motoričke veštine se moraju vežbati preko jednostavnih igara. Ovde možete preuzeti besplatne vežbe motoričkih veština da se “igrate” sa svojim detetom.

 

 

ŠTA TRAŽITI U PRVIM SLIKAMA I PISANJU

  • drei-Punkt-Griff beim Schreiben und MalenDeca obično previše pritiskaju na početku ili drže nepravilno olovku. Vežbajte pravilno držanje olovke sa tri prsta, sa svojim detetom. Teško je iskoreniti lošu naviku.
  • Proces učenja pisanja se može poboljšati ukoliko deca imaju zanimljive crteže životinja ili predmeta uz slova koja uče.
  • Pohvalite napore učenja i pređite preko grešaka i nesavršenosti.
  • Shvatajte dečija pitanja o svetu čitanja i pisanja ozbiljno, i dajte im strpljivo odgovore.

 

KADA KORISTITI KOJU OLOVKU

  • Essentially, since the hand has not yet fully developed motor skills -as it almost always is with children- a pencil that is thicker than a regular, adult pen is recommended. A triangular pen or thick mechanical pencil is even better.
  • In addition it is wise to select a pen that offers a good grip without slippage. It is recommended to find one that has a  grip which is appropriate for the hand size and hand dominance of the user and rubbered in a good way.
  • Furthermore, a robust, shatterproof lead should be used.
  • Use a pen that gives good tactile and audible feedback, so that the writing can be heard and felt. This is helpful for when visual inspection becomes more difficult due to continuously rising writing speeds.
  • After the pencil, it is recommended to move to a pen with an ergonomic ballpoint for writing in ink and not to go directly to a fountain pen. The ballpoint pen is principally similar to a pencil in that it is not pressure-sensitive, can always write at a wide range of angles, and is -with the right amount of ink, which can be set deliberately low with this technology- significantly less prone to smear than a fountain pen. This is especially important when left-handedness is a factor. Still, the child is allowed to gain experience with ink, which requires much more control and concentration than a pencil, but significantly less than a fountain pen.
  • The fountain pen is one of the most difficult of dominant writing technologies to use, and can overwhelm a child if it is introduced too early. The fountain pen only works in a specific pressure range (too little, and it does not write; too much and the spring releases too much ink, causing blotches), can be damaged by excessive pressure, and generally writes in a smaller range of angles. The child must, therefore, constantly pay attention to how they are writing. This means that the child cannot focus on the content.
  • After the child has learned the necessary foundations (i.e. letter shapes and sizes, pace, and can vary pressure), and has developed an automated motorized program for writing, the foundation has been laid to to differentiate and individualize their own writing. At this point, the use of a fountain when writing makes sense.
  • This “smooth transition” from the pencil to ballpoint to fountain pen, the children are challenged, but not overwhelmed, and the formation of a fast, highly legible script is supported.

 

ŠTA TREBA IZBEGAVATI

When a child learns to write, there are some things that you can do wrong. This can lead to their discouragement. To prevent this, here are some things that educators should not do:

  • When you notice you notice that your child is left handed, do not prevent this in any way. Support their hand dominance.
  • Of course you want your child to progress well and quickly, but do not over-extend them with excessive  demands.
  • Do not ignore the emerging questions of your children, such as “What does it say,” or “What letter is this?” An informative response contributes to the learning process of your child.
  • Do not assign difficult tasks to your children, but rather give them achievable goals in order to avoid discouraging their early writing.
  • Do not praise every little thing, but rather praise your children’s general effort.
  • Do not alienate young writers by focusing on spelling mistakes.

 

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